Xtreme All-Stars Competitive Cheer:
The history of cheerleading is closely tied to the history of sports in the United States (i.e. American Football, Basketball and even Rugby), its sporting venues, as well as the historical development of overall crowd participation at many athletic events.
The first American Football university/college game, the initial sporting environment to witness the birth of cheerleading, was held in 1869 between Princeton University and host school Rutgers University located in Piscataway, New Jersey, Northeastern USA; setting the stage for cheerleading to begin.
By the 1960s, cheerleading could be found in virtually every high school and grade school across the USA, as well as pee wee and youth leagues everywhere in the country. In 1961, Herkimer incorporated the National Cheerleaders Association (NCA) and conducted cheerleading camps, and clinics to hundreds of thousands of cheerleaders all around the United States. With these innovations and the creation NCA, cheerleading had become one of the fastest growing youth activities in the United States.
By 1990, school cheerleading reaches 1.7 million athletes in the USA (source: National Federation of High School Associations); additionally, due to its popularity and overflow of interested athletes, non-school based organizations begin to offer cheer programs. Although initially started in the late 1980’s, the 1990’s see the beginning of non-school based cheerleading called “All Star”.
Cheerleading participates in the Opening Ceremonies of the XXVI Olympiad, the 1996 Summer Olympic Games held in Atlanta, Georgia, USA; further introducing Cheerleading to the world. Future Olympiads would witness participation of Cheerleading at its various sport events.
Tumbling is a form of gymnastics which is performed without the assistance of props; you may also hear it referred to as floor gymnastics. Like other forms of gymnastics, tumbling requires immense physical strength, flexibility, and stamina, and tumblers typically endure grueling training programs to condition themselves. Several forms of tumbling are considered Olympic sports, and these events are often quite popular with spectators.
The history of tumbling is ancient. The Ancient Greeks certainly performed several forms of tumbling, valuing physical fitness and demonstrations of skill, as did the Romans. With the rise of Christianity, tumbling may have faded briefly from the public eye, due to changing views about the human body, but it never vanished entirely.
Medieval tumblers performed during plays, as part of circuses, and on their own, and tumblers were also popular in the courts of many royal figures. Along with clowns and other entertainers, tumblers brightened royal courts, and some even became favored figures at court, bedecked in fine garments and jewelry when they weren’t performing. In the 1800s, tumbling experienced a resurgence, along with a variety of other sports, thanks to the natural hygiene movement, and by the time tumbling became an Olympic sport, it had become widely accepted in society.